Strike The Tent...
26 September 2011
  Effort to Restore 10th Massachusetts Monument at Gettysburg
I stopped by a living history display this past weekend in North Adams, Massachusetts, where members of the 10th Massachusetts were in attendance, and learned of there efforts to restore the monument at Gettysburg National Military Park to the original regiment. The monument to the 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg National Battlefield Park was damaged by vandals. The criminals desecrated the monument by breaking off three of the four rifles on top and breaking the bayonet from the fourth, as well as the canteen.The members of the current 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry are determined to have the monument repaired and re-dedicated prior to the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg July 1, 2013, but they cannot do this without your assistance. According to the National Park Service, the cost to restore the monument to its original configuration are approximetly $4500. Donations of any size to help to restore this monument to the Gallant Tenth would be greatly appreciated, and as a non profit organization it would be tax deductible. For more information, you may contact Major Alan Guditis, 10th Massachusetts. Please make checks payable to: 10th Massachusetts Memorial Fund C/O Florence Savings Bank 85 Main Street Florence, MA 01062

The story of the 10th...

The 10th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was composed of companies from the Connecticut Valley and the western part of the State. Five of these companies were in existence before the Civil War broke out, and five were recruited in May and June, 1861. The regiment rendezvoused at Hampden Park, Springfield, Mass., and Henry S. Briggs, a Pittsfield officer who had commanded a company in the 8th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mil., was made its colonel. The regiment was mustered into the service June 21, 1861. On July 10 it was reviewed by Gov. Andrew, and on the 15th received its colors presented by the ladies of Springfield. July 16 it entrained for Medford, Mass., where it remained at Camp Adams until the 25th, when it proceeded to Boston and took boats for Washington. Arriving at the capital on the 28th, it first encamped at Kalorama Heights, Georgetown, where it remained until August 6, when it was brigaded with the 7th Mass., 2d R. I., and 36th N. Y. Inf., and two days later removed to Brightwood. Col. Darius N. Couch, formerly commander of the 7th Mass., now commanded the brigade. At Brightwood the regiment spent most of the winter of 1861-62. Here it assisted in building Fort Massachusetts, later known as Fort Stevens. On March 27,1862, the regiment left Washington by boat for Hampton Roads. On the 29th it disembarked at Hampton, Va., and soon joined in the advance toward Yorktown. During the succeeding weeks it participated in the Peninsular campaign, losing heavily at Fair Oaks and Malvern Hill. Here it formed a part of Devens' Brigade, Couch's Division, Keyes' (4th) Corps. Recalled from Harrison's Landing the last of August, on Sept. 1, it arrived in Alexandria and united with Gen. Pope's army at Chain Bridge on the following day. About the middle of the month it joined in the advance toward South Mountain and Antietam, but did not reach these fields until the fighting was over. Later in the fall it became a part of the 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps, and remained with this corps until its termination of service. It was present without loss at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862, then went into winter quarters between Falmouth and White Oak Church. Early in May, 1863, it took part in the operations of the 6th Corps near Fredericksburg in cooperation with Hooker's flank movement to Chancellorsville. On May 3, it assisted in the capture of Marye's Heights, and had a part in the battle at Salem Heights on the same afternoon. Its loss in these engagements was very heavy. Its colonel, Henry L. Eustis, now became commander of the brigade. The 10th participated with the rest of the 6th Corps in the Gettysburg campaign, suffering only slight loss. After being present at the battle of Rappahannock Station, Nov. 7, and participating in the Mine Run campaign during the latter part of the same month, the regiment retired to Brandy Station and went into winter quarters. It now belonged to Eustis' (4th) Brigade, Getty's (2d) Division, Sedgwick's (6th) Corps. Colonel Parsons now commanded the regiment. On the first day of the battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, Getty's Division, detached from its corps, held the crossing of the Plank and Brock roads and performed most gallant service, the 10th suffering severe loss. On the 8th, 10th, 12th, and 18th of May it was engaged at Spottsylvania, suffering very severely on the 12th when it helped to support Hancock's assault on the Bloody Angle. Between May 5 and May 18, the regiment lost 220 officers and men, 45 of these being killed or mortally wounded. After participating with slight loss in the operations around Cold Harbor, the regiment crossed the James River, June 16, and advanced toward Petersburg, being engaged for the last time June 18 with slight loss. On the 19th it was withdrawn from the front, and its recruits and re-enlisted men were transferred to the 37th Regt. On June 21 it began its voyage homeward. Washington was reached June 22, and Springfield, Mass., on the 25th. On July 1 and 6,1864, the regiment was mustered out of the United States service. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 124 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 55 Enlisted men by disease. Total 190.

Service Record of the 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Organized at Springfield June 21, 1861. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 25-28. Attached to Couch's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Couch's Brigade, Buell's (Keyes') Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, to January, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, to July, 1864. SERVICE. 1862 Duty at Kalorama Heights and Camp Brightwood, Defenses of Washington, D.C., until March, 1862. March to Prospect Hill, Va., March 11-15. Embarked at Alexandria for the Peninsula, Virginia, March 25. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Battle of Fair Oaks, Seven Pines, May 31-June 1. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Oak Grove, near Seven Pines, June 25. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Reconnaissance to Turkey Island August 5-6, and to Haxall's Landing August 8-11. Movement to Alexandria August 16-September 1, thence march into Maryland September 3-18. Battle of Antietam September 18. At Downsville September 18-October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H. October 20-November 18, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" 1863 January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Franklin's Crossing June 6-7. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. 1864 At Brandy Station until May 1, 1864. Reconnaissance to Madison C. H. February 27-March 2. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient at Spottsylvania C. H. May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey June 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 17-19. Ordered home for muster out June 19. Mustered out July 6, 1864.
21 September 2011
  Letter From Enoch Lewis, former Supt PRR to Allan Pinkerton, November 7, 1867
Philadelphia, Penn., November 7th, 1867.

Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, 111.

Dear Sir:
In reply to your favor of the 31st ult. I would say that on the 21st of Feb., 1861, I was in Philadelphia in the way of business as General Superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, to arrange for the movement of Mr. Lincoln, then President-elect of the United States, by special train from Philadelphia to Harrisburg, on the 22d. inst.; it being understood that he was to proceed on the 23d from Harrisburg, by the Northern Central Railroad to Baltimore and thence to Washington.
On that evening (the 21st) I met Mr. Judd in Philadelphia by appointment, in company with Mr. G. C. Franciscus, Superintendent of the Philadelphia Division, Pennsylvania Railroad, and was informed that in consequence of the apprehended danger of the assassination of Mr. Lincoln whilst passing through Baltimore, it was desired to change his route to the capitol, and to bring him back privately from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, on the evening of the 22d, and to take him by the regular night train from Philadelphia to Washington, through Baltimore. I, of course, agreed to make any necessary arrangements so far as our road was concerned.
On the 22d of February, I accompanied Mr. Lincoln in the special train from Philadelphia to Harrisburg; arrangements were quietly made for a special train, ostensibly to take Division Superintendent and myself back to the city; it was stationed just below town soon after dark, where I awaited the coming of Mr. Lincoln. Early in the evening Mr. Franciscus brought Mr. Lincoln, accompanied by Ward H. Lamon, to it. We started, and without interruption reached Philadelphia in time for the night train to Washington. The only persons on the train which was run from Harrisburg to Philadelphia, on the evening of the 22d, besides the engineer and fireman, were Messrs. Lincoln and Ward H. Lamon, G. C. Franciscus, Division Superintendent; John Pitcairn, Jr., in charge of telegraph instrument; T. E. Garrett. General Baggage Agent, and myself. When the train reached West Philadelphia you met us at the platform and escorted Messrs Lincoln and Lamon to a carriage into which I saw you three get, and drive rapidly away in the direction of the Baltimore Depot.
I saw no change in Mr. Lincoln’s costume except that during the day he wore a silk or beaver hat, and in the evening one of soft felt.

Formerly Gen. Supt. Penn. R. R."
14 September 2011
  Information for the 14th Civil War Symposium & Reenactment 10/01/2011

WHERE: The First Division Museum at Cantigny, Wheaton, Illinois

WHEN: SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 2011 9:00 AM – 5:00 PM


Ray Brown (Manassas National Battlefield Park): The First Battle of Manassas.

Steven J. Ramold (Eastern Michigan University): Baring the Iron Hand: Discipline in the Union Army.

James I. Robertson (Virginia Tech): Thomas Jackson Gains a Nickname.

Mark A. Snell (The George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War - Shepherd University): The 1861 Campaign in Western (West) Virginia.

LIVING HISTORY DISPLAYS & OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES: During lunch, chat with fellow Symposium participants, meet Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln, Harriet Tubman, and the common Civil War soldier. Tour the Soldiers’ Encampment, watch Union and Confederate soldiers skirmish, or explore the outstanding museum and grounds at Cantigny. Fun, educational, crafts and activities for children and adults alike will be available.

BOOKS: Books related to Symposium presentations, and the Civil War in general, will be on sale during the program.

FEES: The fee for attending the Symposium is $40.00 for the general public; $20.00 for teachers, Civil War round table members, and $10.00 for seniors(60+), active-duty military, veterans, and students with a valid student ID. A boxed lunch is available for an additional $10 fee. Outdoor activities are free.

PARKING: Ample parking is available in the First Division Museum’s lot. The parking fee is waived for Symposium participants. Entrance to the museum and grounds is free.

REGISTRATION: Seating capacity is limited to 125, so don’t delay! Contact the National Archives at Chicago, 7358 South Pulaski Road, Chicago, IL 60629-5898, Ph. (773) 948-9001, Fax: (773) 948-9050, E-mail: On-site registration begins at 8:30 AM on the day of the Symposium.

TEACHERS: Teachers attending the Symposium can earn continuing education credits through the First Division Museum.

QUESTIONS: Contact the National Archives at Chicago at or 773-948-9001.

Sponsoring Organizations:

The National Archives at Chicago

The First Division Museum at Cantigny

Chicago Civil War Round Table

Salt Creek Civil War Round Table

Public History Program at Loyola University
07 September 2011
  New Blog Added to Blogroll
I came across a new Civil War blog this morning, and felt it worthy of addition to my blogroll. "Emerging
Civil War"
is a conglomeration of young authors/historians, and their Mission Statement reads "This blog is dedicated to furthering scholarship on the Civil War, while creating a community of up and coming authors/speakers. We hope to create a safe environment for the exchange of ideas and information." Take a read, and keep going back.
03 September 2011
  American Railroad Journal, April 6, 1861
Interesting article I found in the American Railroad Journal from April 6, 1861, 6 days before the firing on Fort Sumter.


"The Secretary of the Treasury of the seven seceded States has issued a pamphlet of instructions for regulating the introduction of goods into the Confederate States of America from foreign and contiguous territory over railway routes, of which the following is a synopsis.

It first provides that “Revenue Stations,” at which shall reside an officer of the customs, shall be established at certain points nearest to the line of the Confederate States, the presiding officer to discharge all duties now exercised by collectors of customs over importations by sea. Immediately upon arrival of any train, the conductor is to produce to the Revenue Guard a manifest of all goods brought into the Confederate States, which manifest is to give a description of the packages and contents, where taken aboard, by whom forwarded, to whom consigned, and the place of destination. The Revenue Guard is to board all trains, and see that the goods are placed in separate cars from those in which the mails or passengers are conveyed, and to place on such cars locks of the Confederate States, a duplicate manifest of such cars to be forwarded to the revenue officer at the first depot to which the cars are destined.

On the arrival of the train at the point designated, the original manifest, with the goods, must be delivered to the Revenue Guard, under the regulations governing bonded warehouses, and such officer is to give a permit for the merchandise to proceed to further destinations. Goods not subject to duty, to be landed at interior places on such railroad, or its connections, are to be permitted to remain on board the train, and to proceed to such destination, on the conductor furnishing a schedule in detail to the revenue officer. Dutiable goods also may be immediately forwarded to their destinations on permits from the revenue officers.

The baggage of passengers passing over the railroad routes is to be subject to the inspection of the revenue officer, and if containing no article subject to duty, shall be landed at the places for which it is destined, the revenue officer to paste on the valise, carpet-bag, or a trunk, a permit to deliver. Baggage containing dutiable goods is to be placed in the car with the merchandise, under the revenue lock, and handed over to the revenue officer at the point of destination.

Goods subject to duty may be bonded and transferred to other parts of the Confederate States, where they are to be delivered to the collector. Packages not required for samples may be delivered to the importer on his paying the duty estimated on the entry, and executing a bond in the manner and form now required by law and treasury regulations of the Confederate States.

All railroad companies over whose lines goods are intended to be introduced, from foreign or contiguous territory, are authorized to do so on filing in the treasury department a bond executed to the Confederate States, obligating themselves to the faithful execution of the revenue laws, so far as relates to the correctness of the manifest and their custody of merchandise, under which they are to be responsible for all frauds committed or attempted by conductors, or others in their employ.”

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